Ubuntu Tutorial

Tar File : tar command is used to create(compressed tar file) and extract tar files.

syntax : tar option tar-file-name files/directories

in following example we create first.tar file from scss and src directory.

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create tar file

following table shows options for tar command.

Option Description
-c or --create create new archive.
-t or --list print the content in archive
-u or --update Append files which are newer than the corresponding copy in the archive
-v or --verbose print verbose information
-A or --catenate or --concatenate append archive to the end of another archive
-z create tar file using gzip
-x or --extract or --get extract files from an archive
-W or --verify verify the archive after writing it
-r or --append append files to the end of an archive

following are examples for tar command.

Command Description
tar -cvf first.tar dir1 dir2 create uncompressed tar archive (first.tar) /file containing dir1 and dir2
tar -tvf first.tar print all content of uncompressed tar archive (first.tar) /file on terminal
tar -tvf first.tar dir1 print content of dir1 directory from uncompressed tar archive (first.tar) /file on terminal
tar -tvf first.tar --wildcards "dir1/*.css" print all css file present in dir1 directory from uncompressed tar archive (first.tar) /file on terminal Note : The --wildcards(*) option tells tar to interpret wildcards in the name of the files
tar -tvf first.tar --totals print size(after extraction) of files
tar -xvf first.tar extract all files from archive(first.tar). you will see extracted dir1 and dir2 in directory
tar -uvf first.tar a.txt dir3 or tar -rvf first.tar a.txt dir3 update(-u) uncompressed tar archive (first.tar) /file by adding a.txt and dir3 Note : we can not update compressed tar file.
tar -xvf first.tar dir1 dir2 extract given files or directories from archive(first.tar).in our case dir1 and dir2 will be extracted.
tar -cvzf second.tar.gz dir1 dir2 a.txt create gzip(-z) compression of tar archive/file
tar -xvzf second.tar.gz extracting a gzip tar archive/file (second.tar.gz)
tar -xvzf second.tar.gz dir2 a.txt extracting dir2 and a.txt from gzip tar archive/file (second.tar.gz).

Zip File : zip command is used to create zip file.

syntax : zip option zip-file-name files/directories

in following example we create first.zip file from src and vendor directory.

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create zip file

following are examples for zip command.

Command Description
zip first.zip file1.txt create zip file containing file1.txt
zip -r first.zip dir1 dir2 a.txt create zip file containing directories(dir1 and dir2) and files(a.txt)
unzip first.zip extract all content of zip file
zip -d first.zip file1.txt delete file1.txt from first.zip
less first.zip print properties of zip file like name, date, time, size etc